Municipal administrative sanction

Municipalities may punish uncivic behavior immediately thanks to the system of administrative fines.

What is a municipal administrative sanction?

Since 1999, municipalities may punish uncivic behavior immediately thanks to the system of administrative penalties: illegal dumping, nuisance by neighbors, graffiti, dog shit... The system relieves the courts and the prosecution and ensures an effective sanction.

The amount of this municipal administrative sanction, if it is a fine, shall not exceed 350 euros (and 175 euros if the person was a minor at the time of the events).

Sanctioned behavior

Three types of behavior are punished by an administrative sanction:

Nuisance caused by persons

Is considered a nuisance, behavior such as:

  • urinating on public roads
  • throwing paper on public roads
  • spitting on public roads
  • taking out garbage bags outside the authorized hours
  • noise
  • certain forms of theft
  • private occupation of the public road
  • some activities on public roads without a license

The City has a period of six months to deal with these files and whether or not to impose a fine on the offender.

In certain cases, the penalty may be replaced by a mediation.

Nuisance caused by establishments

Problematic behavior that can be attributed to establishments:

  • opening an establishment without the administrative file being in order
  • running an unlicensed terrace
  • not respecting the dimensions of the terrace
  • peddling
  • noise

The City has a period of six months to deal with these files and whether or not to impose a fine on the offender.

In certain cases, the fine can be replaced with the suspension or revocation of the license or the closure of an establishment.

Traffic offences

Since 1 March 2015, the City is authorized to impose penalties in case of non-respect of certain laws of the Highway Code relating to stopping and parking.

These violations are subject to fines that are determined by the Royal Decree of 9 March 2014 on municipal administrative sanctions for offenses concerning parking and the C3 and F103 traffic signs, determined by automatic devices.

Mediation

In parallel with the administrative penalties, there is a mediation service which intervenes when the infringement was caused by two people having a conflict. The officer can then decide whether or not to give an administrative fine. For minors between 16 and 18 years, the mediation is mandatory.